The most known and commonly used technique of setting diamond or stone is the prong setting. In this type of setting a diamond is placed between the prongs (nail shaped metal structure) and the edges of a prong are bent over the stone to hold it firmly. Usually in prong setting there are four prongs but in some cases more prongs may be used. People prefer this kind of setting because there is more room for light to pass through a diamond / gemstone thus making it shine brighter.2. Bezel Setting
Bezel setting is the one in which diamond or any other gemstone is surrounded by metal on all sides and extends slightly above the circumference of a stone. A bezel setting holds a stone safer than any other type of setting. Usually people who wear jewelry piece on a daily basis prefer this kind of setting.3. Pave Setting
There are many tiny prongs close to each other and the diamonds / gemstones are placed between them very close to each other. In pave set diamonds are set 0.6mm below the seat to give uniform look. Although small size diamonds are used it gives look and feel of a bigger diamond being used. This illusionary effect tempts most customers to buy jewellery made in pave setting.4. Channel Setting
Channel setting is somewhat similar to Bezel setting. In bezel setting a stone is surrounded by metal on all sides while in channel setting a stone is placed between two metal walls exactly parallel to each other. This gives an impression as if the diamonds are set in a channel form. This type of setting gives enough place for light to pass through diamonds, hence more brilliance to diamonds. Mostly round and Princess cut diamonds are used in this type of setting.5. Micro Pave
Micro pave setting is a pave setting that uses very small stones that are smaller, and secured by even smaller bead prongs set uniformly. Micro pave jewelry are handset under microscope. Since the stones are so small, they blend together very smoothly. Since the prongs are so small, they are less visible. Therefore, micro pave setting jewelry usually present huge glitter that will take your breath away. That also creates an illusion of bigger diamonds.6. Pressure Setting
To put it simple, pressure setting is a style of setting where multiple diamonds form a circle creating an illusion of a solitaire diamond with 1 diamond at the centre held under pressure of multiple diamonds encircling it. The side diamonds are held with support of prongs but the centre stone is not held with prongs , only held by creating pressure on it with the side diamonds. Usually the centre diamond is 70% bigger than the side diamonds.7. Invisible Setting
Invisible Set Diamonds are Diamonds that look like they are being held in by nothing. Invisible Set Diamonds are not held in by any over-lapping Metal. No Prong-Work, No Beads, it’s just smooth rows of glorious never-ending Diamonds. The invisible setting technique was developed in France more than two centuries ago. Grooves in each stone's girdle slip into a metal framework below the surface, but the metal cannot be seen, so diamonds and gemstones sit side-by-side where they create the appearance of a solid surface of gems.
Jewelry designers use invisible setting techniques to create the illusion of larger diamonds in engagement rings and wedding rings.8. Plate prongs
Plate prong is the type of prong setting. Plate prong setting gives similar look as pave setting but here wall/metal is very thin. Here diamonds are hold by prongs placed on a metal plate. That plate can be any curve of the design. This gives an uniformity to the design and makes it look more elegant.9. U prong
The u-shape setting for diamond rings is a variation of the traditional four prong setting. The base,plate or the collet of the design forms a u and four prongs support the diamond. U-shaped settings work well for showing off larger stones because of the free form of the open u shape. The u shape forms elegant curves as a design element in this type of setting, adding to the general beauty of the ring rather than simply holding the stone in place.10. Tension Setting
This type of setting is gaining popularity but lesser compared to Prong or bezel setting. In Tension setting pressure of the metal band is used to hold the diamond in proper place and the diamond appears to be floating in air.11. Fish tail
It is similar to U prong setting. Here each diamond carries 4 individual prong. This is a style in which small diamonds of the same shape are set in extremely close proximity. This mass formation effectively coats the metal surface. The stone are separated by and held in place by little ‘v’s of the setting metal. The result is what looks like a continuous surface of diamonds that resemble a fish’s tail.12. Bar Set
Bar setting is a variant of channel setting. As the name itself suggests a stone is placed between the 2 metalbars to hold it perfectly. Mostly solitaire stones are used in Bar setting. All cuts of diamonds – Emerald, Oval, Princess, Round and Baguette can be used in bar setting.13. Claw Set
A stone setting of projecting metal claws which grip the stone at the end just above the girdle. It is similar to prong setting.14. Flush setting
Flush setting is also a variant of Bezel setting. In Flush setting diamonds are set in tapered metal holes and the surrounding metal is pressed around its ring.15. Illusion setting
An illusion setting is a prong setting designed to make a diamond look bigger than it actually is. This is accomplished by a ring of metal surrounding the girdle of the diamond that is often bright cut. This ring diffuses the outline of the stone causing it to look larger.